This horse is closely related to the first horses living in this part of America. Andalusian horses were brought to the New World by the Spaniards to take on the huge task of taking over and were chosen for being both resistant and rustic. These horses were later released into the wild when the Spaniards attempts at settlement failed.
Trying to uncover its unknown origin, Newtall, an Irish man, lover of horses, realized how amazing these small horses were and managed to become an owner of various specimens. After years of cross-breeding and selecting he became the proud owner of harmonic, well structured horses, characterized by their intrinsic nature and height of just under a meter.
Newtall didn’t have a male descendent and his only daughter married the son of an immigrant Italian family with the surname Falabella. She inherited the horses and the passion to go with them and people soon started to name the curious specimen of horses “The Falabella Horses”.
Falabella and their descendants continued the selection process, adding European breeds like Pur-sang, Welsh ponies and in some cases Shetland Ponies. The modern day height of these horses is now 80cm.
Description: The Falabella Horse is a species that conserves all the virtues and attributes of other horse breeds, its firm genetics allows natural breeding.
Its rusticity potentials its survival in extremely severe climate conditions, this species tending to cope better than horses of larger size. They do not require any more care than other horses.
Its renown genetic stability is what has made this horses breed known worldwide.
Size: elipometric (smaller than normal)
Proportion: mesomorph (muscular)
Profile: Subconcavilineo (concave)
Head: Narrow, well structured and evenly situated on the neck. Small ears, well situated. Straight forehead and skull. Wide and open nostrils.
Fur: All have hair, particularly the zainos, tobian, overo and pintos, Appaloosa.
Length of hair: Varies with the seasons.
Neck: Usually muscled and in proportion with the body.
Mane: Thick, covering the neck with long, fine, coarse hair.
Cross: Narrow and underdeveloped.
Back/Spine: Slanted and quite long.
Ribs: Unexaggeratedly curved.
Rib Cage: Designed to enable easy breathing.
Rump: Curved and muscled.
Tail: Well situated, long and at back height.
Forelegs: Delicate articulations, lightweight bones.
Hindquarters: Agile, well balanced, muscled hind legs, slightly descended and narrow tarsus.
Supports: Generally narrow spleens, slightly oval appearance and very resistant.
Step: Regular and freely, the animal’s legs bend well within its needs.
Reproduction: These horses mate throughout the year, being most active from February to July. Pregnancies last around 13 months.
Diet: This specie eats the same food as normal horses but in smaller amounts.