Python regius is a non-venomous python species found in many countries of central and western Africa, where the temperature varies from 15º to 45º, including countries like Nigeria, Uganda, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Ghana, Benin and Togo.
Baby pythons are between 20 and 30cm long, while average length of adults ranges between 120 and 150cm. Some females can even reach up to 180cm. Generally, females are bigger than males. Their diameter ranges from 10 to 15cm.
The Python regius’ oval head is relatively slim, also its neck. The rest of the body is stocky. The ground colour varies from golden-brown to yellow-white, overlaid by two elongated bands of irregular dark blotches. These two bands are connected in irregular intervals by transversal lines. The light-coloured blotches between the transversal lines can again be overlaid within their borders by dark brown spots. He top of the pythons’ head is dark coloured. A light- coloured line runs from the nose to the neck.
Pythons have an excellent sense of smell and the ability to sense vibrations. Like other nocturnal raptors, they have vertical pupils. Today, 62 genetic variations (morphs) have been registered, such as: albino, piedball, spider, leucistic, lavender, pastel, caramel, etc.
In captivity, their life expectancy ranges between 20 and 30 years. The longest living Python regius in captivity was recorded over 48 years old.
Python regius or Ball Python, Python regius
How are they? Snakes with an average body length of 120-150cm. Several colour patterns are known, from golden-brown to yellow-white. Their dorsal area is covered by two irregular bands of dark-brown blotches, which are connected by transversal lines.
How is the species geographically distributed? Central and western Africa: Nigeria, Uganda, Liberia, Sierra Leona, Guinea, Ghana, Benin and Togo.
Where do they live? In woodlands, grassland and sparsely wooden areas close to rivers, such as swamps or paddy fields.
What do they feed on? Birds and mammals, especially rodents.